History of Prague
Hotels in Prague
The capital city of the Czech Republic, Prague is situated in the very heart of Europe, on a place that has been an intersection of continental merchant routes since time immemorial. It was the seat of Czech princes and kings from the tenth century A.D. In the mid-14th century, Prague was the centre of the Holy Roman Empire and Europe’s third largest city in terms of population. As part of the Hapsburg monarchy, Prague remained the capital of Czech lands, which became the strongest part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in terms of economy during the 19th century. Prague was developing as an important centre where Czech, German and Jewish cultures met and mingled. Following the establishment of the Czechoslovak Republic in 1918, Prague became the metropolis of the new country. It experienced a growth of its territory and a great building boom. Currently, Prague is a large city of more than one million people, spreading over almost 500 square kilometres. Following the social and economic changes in 1989, Prague enhanced its historically strong ties with other cities in Central Europe, and has gradually been gaining a continuously improving position within the continental structure of big cities. Prague therefore deserves its recognition as being a high quality city.
Centuries of construction gave rise to an exceptional integrated architectural complex, unique in the world as regards its size and concentration of cultural heritage. Different architectural styles mingle and intertwine here, and their symbiosis creates the city’s unique atmosphere. The most valuable part of the city’s centre was declared the Prague Heritage Reserve in 1981, which was included in UNESCO’s world cultural heritage list in 1992.
Prague is the seat of the top-level legislative, administrative and political bodies of the country - the parliament, government, and president; and the most important social, cultural and educational institutions reside here. The city is the entrance gate to the Czech Republic.
Prague has maintained its exceptional attraction for tourists and is renowned for being one of the world’s most beautiful cities. Almost one-half of the national income from tourism is realised on its territory. The city offers approximately 73,000 beds in accommodation facilities, most of which were built after 1990, including almost 51,000 beds in hotels and boarding houses capable of satisfying all categories of visitors.The number of highest-category hotel beds exceeded 20,000 in 2002. The offering of other tourist services and their quality are also improving steadily.Every year,over 2.5 million people use Prague’s accommodation capacities and spend on average over four days in the capital. Prague is the destination for over 70,000 tourists every day in the high season, and the total number of visitor-days per year therefore amounts to almost 20 million.
Facts About Prague
Population of PraguePrague has a population of almost 1.2 million permanent residents. The number of people who stay in Prague for a long period (both Czech and foreign nationals) has significantly grown over the last decade and it is estimated now at 160,000. Along with numerous groups of visitors, a total of around 1.5 million people move about the city on a normal day.
Population - permanent residents as at 31 December 2002
Number of permanent residents (in thous.) 1,161.9
Of whom: male 551.9 female 610.0
Population density per sq km 2,342
Age structure (%):
0 - 14 years 13.0
15 - 64 years 71.0
over 65 16.0
Education of population (%):
Secondary with CGSE 33.5
College and university 21.1
Useful telephone numbers and adresses
General info in English, German and Czech - Prague Information Service - http://www.pis.cz : 124 44
Fire emergency: 150
Emergency road service: 1230, 1240
Health Center Prague - Praha 1, Vodičkova: 28 224 220 040
First Medical Clinic of Prague - Praha 2, Vyšehradská: 35 224 923 801
Nemocnice na Homolce Hospital - Praha 5, Roentgenova: 2 257 272 144, 257 272 146
Air transport: 220 113 314
Metro information station Museum - station Můstek, airport arrival hall: 222 623 777, 222 646 350, 220 115 404
Foreign Guides Centre - Staroměstské náměstí 1 - The Old Town Hall: 224 482 562, 224 482 569
Ticket Agency Ticketpro - http://www.ticketpro.cz/: 224 818 080
Ticket Agency Bohemia Ticket - http://www.bohemiaticket.cz/: 224 227 832, 224 237 727
Information by : Publix - Prague city information service - www.praha-mesto.cz
Time & Weather
Why book with us?